Chickenpox In Kids: Causes, Treatment And Prevention

Did you know? Chickenpox affects around 3.5 million youngsters and quite 4,500 youngsters are hospitalized per year in the USA alone.

Mom Junction tells you why varicella is caused in youngsters, its symptoms, the care you ought to take and a lot of.

What Is Chickenpox?
Chickenpox could be an extremely contagious infection caused by chickenpox shingles virus, a member of the herpes family. This virus is additionally accountable for shingles.

Chickenpox ends up in unquiet rashes and blisters all over the body and causes a fever.
What Causes Chickenpox?
Chickenpox spreads simply from an infected person to others, one to two days before the blisters seem and until all the blisters have crust like over. Your kid might get varicella from:

Physical contact with the blisters or its fluids of the infected person a cough and sneeze of the infected person
therefore, keep your child far from the family members and friends who are infected, particularly if the child has a higher risk of getting it.
Who is at a higher Risk of obtaining Chickenpox?
Chickenpox principally occurs in youngsters younger than 10 years.

If you had contracted it antecedently or received the vaccine, then your baby won’t catch the infection if she is a smaller amount than one year old-time, and is being breastfed. If she still will, it’s principally gentle.

Chickenpox is more common in youngsters with a weak immune system.

The varicella rash develops ten to twenty one days after being exposed to the virus. The child develops around two hundred to five hundred blisters.
What are The Symptoms of Chickenpox?
The most outstanding symptom of chickenpox is the blisters. The other symptoms that your kid might have are:

A headache
Stomach ache
Sore throat
Loss of appetite

More about blisters:
Are usually red, small, and itchy and filled with fluid.
First seem on the face, torso, back or scalp.
After 2 days or so, the primary blisters might scab however new ones appear.
Commonly seem in the mouth cavity, genital areas, and on the eyelids.
Kids with skin diseases like eczema may even have around 1,000 blisters.
The blisters usually disappear in a few days. However you need to look out for sure symptoms, which need medical attention.
When to call A Doctor?
Some youngsters might suffer from a serious case of chickenpox. you wish to call a healthcare provider in the below cases:

The child has fever for more than four days
The temperature is above 102°F (38.8°C)
The rashes or any body part becomes red, warm or tender and leaks pus thanks to infection
Extreme weakness
Difficulty in waking up, walking, breathing
Stiff neck
Frequent vomiting
Non-stop cough
Severe abdominal pain
Even if the kid doesn’t have the above symptoms, it’s sensible to take your child to a doctor if you suspect chickenpox.

How chickenpox is diagnosed and treated?
The doctor can diagnose the case through a physical examination of the rashes. They will ask you about the kid’s medical history. If required, a blood test may be recommended.


The treatment primarily focuses on relieving the symptoms. In severe cases, antiviral drugs are prescribed
Acyclovir is a safe treatment for chickenpox, if it’s administered within twenty four hours of getting the blisters.

Lotions and gels containing Zn, polidocanol, tannins and menthol can be applied on the skin to provide relief from the blisters.
Over-the-counter oral antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) may be given however visit your doctor about their affectivity and safety.
Apply hydrocortisone cream on the itchy areas and blisters.
Antiviral medication aren’t prescribed to healthy youngsters who don’t have severe symptoms. They will be beneficial for kids with skin issues, like skin disease.
Do not use acetylsalicylic acid as a result of chickenpox and aspirin therapy might cause a health condition called Reye syndrome. Ibuprofen additionally doesn’t work for chickenpox, thus you may use acetaminophen (paracetamol) to reduce fever.
Children with chickenpox need care and attention at home, in addition to lotions and creams.

How to take care of your kid At Home?
Make your child feel as comfortable as possible. You may take these measures at home:

Make sure your child isn’t scratching or rubbing the itchy rashes.
Trim your kid’s fingernails short to avoid skin damage from scratching.
Make them wear light, loose and cool clothes or bedclothes.
Don’t build the child wear something tight, or woolly that may irritate the rashes.
Give them a lukewarm bath daily. Use some soap, and wash totally.
You may give them a calming cornstarch or oatmeal bath.
Apply a mollifying moisturizer on their body to soften the skin after bath.
Make them gargle warm salt water to get relief from mouth sores.
Avoid exposure to hot and wet weather.
Serve cold foods, and avoid foods that are bitter, spicy or difficult to chew if the child has mouth sores.

Chickenpox isn’t usually severe. About one in 50,000 cases lead to death. However by preventing the disease, you can rule out any chance of your kid going through this pain.
How to prevent Chickenpox?
Keep the child away from the relations or friends who have chickenpox. However, this could not be fool-proof because the virus is airborne and spreads simply even before the rash appears.

check also: peptic-ulcer

The best way to prevent chickenpox is through vaccination. Children who have not had chickenpox should get 2 doses of varicella vaccine .
1st dose: between 12 and 15 months older
2nd dose: between four and six years old-time.
However, the vaccine shouldn’t be given if:

The child is allergic to any of the ingredients in the vaccine or had a serious reaction to the previous dose of the vaccine.

Had a blood transfusion in the past 11 months.
Have a fever or other illness at the time of vaccination.
If your child shows any reaction after the vaccination, then take them to a doctor.

Does chickenpox vaccine Have Any Side-Effects?
Severe side-effects are rare with the varicella vaccine.

read also how to get rid of armpit odour

Some mild side-effects include:

low fever
mild rashes
muscle ache
the benefits of the vaccine outweigh its side-effects because it prevents the child from having some complications resulting from chickenpox.
What are The Complications of Chickenpox?
Most children recover without complications.

1. However, after obtaining chickenpox, the virus remains dormant in the body for a lifetime. As a result, about one in ten adults contracts shingles when the virus becomes active for a second time.

2. Other possible complications include:
Reye’s syndrome
Bacterial infection of the skin and soft tissues, as well as group a streptococcal infections


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