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Cerebrovascular disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

Cerebrovascular Disease: A condition very close to us but seems to be far.

To many the term cerebrovascular disease might be new, some have never heard it at all but some might have heard it but cannot recall the exact place or topic that was being discussed at the moment. Although the term is new and strange to your ears, the conditions are very are very familiar and close to us. Actually cerebrovascular disease is not a disease by its own but rather it is a group of conditions that can lead to many cerebrovascular events like stroke, transient ischemic attack and vascular malfunction. Other examples of cerebrovascular diseases include narrowing or blockage in the intracranial, vertebral arteries also known as stenosis carotid.

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 In general cerebrovascular disease refers to any possible condition that normally affects the supply of blood that is rich in oxygen to the brain, this automatically denies the supply of oxygen in the brain and thus the brain muscles that do not receive oxygen starts to die and this will lead to some complications in your health. Some symptoms can be seen early enough and they include: • Sudden severe head ache • Feeling weak • Difficulty in communicating If such symptoms are ignored then be sure to be a slave of a cerebrovascular attack in the near future. Because if medical attention is not sought after immediately then it will lead to ischemic attack which cannot be treated afterwards, because when a muscle tissue in the brain dies then it cannot be replaced meaning that the situation is irreversible, so when experiencing such symptoms you should seek emergency medical attention immediately. Atherosclerosis is the commonest cause of stroke. Atherosclerosis is when a waxy substance usually known as plaque accumulates in the arteries that supply blood to the brain and thus leading to blockage or limiting the flow of blood to the brain translating to low or no supply of oxygen to the brain which eventually leads to death of the brain cells and the damage caused cannot be reversed. Atherosclerosis is one type of cardiovascular disease and when the cholesterol levels are high in the arteries of the brain and inflammation in the arteries of the brain cause cholesterol to build up in the brain vessels as a substance that is waxy and makes the arteries to narrow or even block the flow of blood in the arteries. With time this condition can cause a cerebrovascular attack, such as a stroke or transient ischemic attack. Most people however fall victim of such attacks because they either do not know the initial symptoms of the attacks or ignore them and assume nothing bigger will happen out of this. Some of these symptoms include: • Becoming weak on one side. • Poor vision. • Loss of memory. • Paralyzing on one side of the body. • Severe head ache that its cause cannot be explained. • Being confused. • Losing your balance • Losing your consciousness. When the lining of a carotid artery tears then it can lead to ischemic stroke, ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked either partially or completely by a plaque or a blood clot to an individual who is as young as 40 years of age or even lower. What actually happens when the lining tears is that blood flows between the layers of the carotid artery, thus narrowing the artery and reducing the flow of blood that is rich in oxygen to reach the brain.

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