There are many number of medications that can interfere with fertility. Some antidepressants, painkillers, and some medications that are used to treat chronic disorders can, sometimes, prevent you from getting pregnant, or at least contribute to a reduction of your chances of getting pregnant. In some cases, even simple medications like antibiotics may affect your ability to get pregnant one degree or another.
Having said that, there is little clinical evidence to suggest that antibiotics create any dramatic risk of preventing you from getting pregnant. Sometimes, women that are taking antibiotics will report changes in their ovulatory cycle, particularly in their normal pattern of cervical mucus production. However, studies have not been entirely conclusive at this point. It is just as likely that the infection for which the woman is taking the antibiotic may have prevented her from getting pregnant, rather than the antibiotics themselves. More often than not, antibiotics will actually help you get pregnant by combating whatever infection it is that is in your system in the first place.
Antibiotics are not known to affect male fertility either. There are a few antibiotics that can affect sperm production. Sulphasalazine is one of these antibiotics. Sulphasalazine is often used to treat inflammatory bowel disease. In general, when a man has a condition as serious as inflammatory bowel disease, it is important to remember that the illness itself is probably more likely to prevent you from getting pregnant than the antibiotic used to treat the disease.
Some of the most common things that will prevent you from getting pregnant are not related to antibiotics or medications at all. Endometriosis, problems with ovulation, poor egg quality, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and blocked or damaged fallopian tubes are all many times more likely to prevent you from getting pregnant than antibiotics.
Even if you are trying to conceive, you should not stop taking any medication without consulting with your health care provider. She can usually help you with the most up-to-date information about the effects of specific medications, including antibiotics, on getting pregnant.
There are many reasons why a woman might need to take antibiotics while she is trying to get pregnant. An attack of bronchitis for instance, gum disease, or a urinary tract infection. When your doctor prescribes you a course of antibiotics, I bet you are curious, and even worried, about the effects they might have on a new pregnancy. Are those concerns justified? Is it safe to take antibiotics while trying to conceive?
The answer is not as simple as a yes or a no. There are many antibiotics that can perfectly safely coexist with a new pregnancy, but it is a good idea to read the package insert yourself when you are prescribed a course of antibiotics. Sometimes, a particular type of antibiotic will have an outright warning to pregnant women, those trying to conceive, and nursing mothers. Most antibiotics will just include a note that you will have to inform your doctor if you are trying to get pregnant. It is up to doctor then to decide whether antibiotics are safe for you or not. I strongly believe that antibiotics are overused in most of the western world. Most doctors would agree with that. If you follow medical news, you will notice statements from doctors associations saying that the use of antibiotics should be brought down, and that many medical practitioners are too quick to opt for antibiotics.
Depending on the reason you are being described antibiotics, if you are trying to conceive, it might be a good idea to ask if there are any non-antibiotic medications available for your condition. In the case of a urinary tract infection for instance, turning to Traditional Chinese Medicine, naturopathy, or homeopathy is a very valid alternative to using antibiotics. The same goes for many other conditions that are conventionally treated with antibiotics. Having said that, some conditions simply require the use of antibiotics, and in that case, you can discuss with your doctor whether it would be better to take a month off trying to get pregnant. Fortunately, on the whole, the answer to that question will be, “No, taking antibiotics will trying to conceive does not pose any risk”.